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The Role of Higher Moments on the Distribution of Particles in the Space of Impulses at Cyclotron Resonances
Problems of Atomic Science and Technology, #4-146, pp.16-20 (2023)

V.A. Buts and V.V. Kuzmin

The results of the analysis of the dynamics of charged particles under conditions of cyclotron resonances in the field of an intense electromagnetic wave are presented. Particular attention is paid to regimes with dynamic chaos. It is shown that there are two qualitatively different regimes. The appearance of the first one is due to the overlap of nonlinear cyclotron resonances. The second mode is related to intermittency. The moments and spectra of each of these regimes are determined. It is shown that with an increase in the intensity of an external electromagnetic wave, the first regime appears at the beginning and only then the second regime appears. A characteristic feature of the second regime is intermittency. Steps appear on the time dynamics of pulses in the second mode. It is shown that the spectra in the second mode are narrower than in the first mode. A characteristic feature of the second regime (the regime with intermittency) is the fact that the higher moments turn out to be larger than the lower moments. In the first regime, the highest moments decrease rapidly. To find the particle momentum distribution function, the generalized Fokker-Planck equation was used. Solutions of this equation are written out for some important cases.